ENABLING INNOVATION IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

First author: KATTERBAUER Klemens (katterbauer@euclidfaculty.net)
Affiliation: EUCLID University
Second author: CLEENEWERCK DE KIEV Laurent (cdk@euclid.int)
Affiliation: EUCLID University
Third author: YAP Cheng Boon (cbo.yap@alumni.stanford.edu)
Affiliation: EUCLID University

Abstract:

To ensure sustainable development, there is a limit to the extent of urbanization. Thus, rural development is an essential strategy that many nations must work on to ensure optimal economic, environmental, and social outcomes at a country level. However, rural development in itself is challenging because rural communities typically have limited resources and capabilities to address common livelihood challenges, let alone take on new economic roles. Hence, as part of rural revitalization strategies, innovation plays a critical role. A wide range of technologies can facilitate innovation in rural development, including the internet and new agricultural technologies. In addition, new mindsets and shifts in values, such as the changing trends of work and consumerism, can create opportunities for rural areas to adopt innovation and develop new growth engines. However, it should be noted that the nature of innovation in rural and urban settings are different. In rural regions, growth could be enabled through more specific types of innovations, including frugal innovation, inclusive innovation, and social innovation. To enable these forms of innovations in rural areas, this paper proposes a three-dimensional process model that includes pro-social technological innovation policy, rural innovation governance, and dynamic networks that close the gap between rural and urban innovation systems. Examples from China, such as the development of Tengtou Village and Taobao Villages serve to demonstrate these concepts. Overall, the discussions in the paper suggest that to enable innovation in rural development, it is necessary to foster closer interactions between rural and urban innovation ecosystems for the former to leverage the latter’s technologies, networks, and resources.

Keywords: Rural Development, Sustainable Development Goals, Innovation, Development Policy

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54989/msd-2023-0017
Pages: 67 - 72
Volume: 15
Issue: 2
Publication date: December, 2023

KATTERBAUER Klemens & CLEENEWERCK DE KIEV Laurent & YAP Cheng Boon, 2023. "ENABLING INNOVATION IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS", Management of Sustainable Development, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 15(2), pages 67-72, December. DOI: https://doi.org/10.54989/msd-2023-0017